The 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded for groundbreaking inventions in the field of laser physics
Arthur Ashkin, Gérard Morou, and Donna Strickland share the 9m Swedish kronor (£770,000) prize announced by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm on Tuesday.
Ashkin wins half of the prize for his development of “optical tweezers” which have allowed tiny organisms to be handled with light beams without damaging them. Mourou and Strickland share a quarter of the prize each “for their method of generating high-intensity, ultra-short optical pulses that have broad industrial and medical applications.”
Strickland at the University of Waterloo in Ontario becomes the first woman to win the physics Nobel since Maria Goeppert Mayer was honored in 1963 for her work on the nuclear shell structure.